A member of the membranophone family, it is a small artisanal instrument made of wood and covered in leather, held in place by nails (or studs), and tuned by exposing it to the sun to harden the leather.
This instrument has a handle and is played with a small wooden drumstick. It can present itself in a number of variations, such as round, square, hexagonal shapes, or with leather applied on one or both ends.
The tamborim de congada belongs to the banda-de-congo instrumental group of the Congadas, along with tambores (drums), caixas, casacas, and a number of chocalhos (rattles) and violas. It is a solo instrument, but it is not played continuously. Played by the captain of the congada, it marks the rhythm and different moments of the music.