The moringa is a Nigerian instrument which is simultaneously both an aerophone and an idiophone, from the Igbo people. Its original version is known throughout Brazil due to the udu (meaning peace and vessel).
Originally made from clay, and shaped like a water jug by women, it had an additional hole and was used for connecting with ancestors in rituals.
This instrument is played with the hand. The large hole can be beaten quickly to produce low-pitched sounds, which can be altered depending on how the hand covers the small upper hole. In addition, the entire body of the moringa can be played with the fingers. The high-pitched sound is produced by flatly beating the side hole with the palm of one's hand, quickly hitting the hole with the hand and then removing it. After the beat, with the hand still over the hole, the low-pitched sound appears.
These sounds are associated with the sound of smooth water, as if someone were drinking water through a bottleneck. The moringa is used in a diverse range of musical styles, including contemporary Brazilian pop music.