The set of instruments made up by the quinjengue, the tambú, the matraca and the guaiá is very characteristic of the batuque de umbigada, as well as of the jongo in the São Paulo and Minas Gerais regions.
The tambú, considered a solo instrument, is a huge drum carved out of a tree trunk where the player sits, playing the matracas, two wooden sticks that are hit against the body of the instrument.
The quinjengue, of Bantu origin and called the candongueiro in Minas Gerais, plays the role of the accompanying drum. It is shaped like a chalice, similar to the sacred instrument of candombe.
Before the ritual begins, both drums are placed in front of the fire until the leather is properly tuned for the party. The dance begins with the sound of percussion. Played along the structure of the tambú, the matraca marks the beat, while the quinjengue fills out the sound, and the tambú, played on its leather end, serves as the solo.
The old heavy drums made of carved tree trunks, with their numerous shapes and names, are worshiped in ancient African beliefs, and they keep the sacred link between the black community and their roots alive.